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Memories of Alexander Gelfond

Alexander Avramenko

Memories of Alexander Haimovich Gelfond

Alexander Gelfond.
Alexander Gelfond.
Pre-war photo.
Sholom Gelfond.
Sholom Gelfond. 1944.

I was born on June 9th 1920 in Slaven, Tolochin district. There were 9 children in our family. One of my brothers was killed at the battlefront. My parents and two sisters were shot; their bodies were burnt by fascists.

My father, Haim-Mendel Gelfond, was a rabbi. Our village had a big two-storey synagogue. There was a church as well. Later the church was turned into a club and the synagogue burnt down by fascists.

I spent the whole war in the Army. After the war I found out that my family was killed in Slaveni on March 16th 1942. The village had a ghetto. Among the fascists’ victims there were the Axerolds, the Rubinchiks, the Aronins, the Gureviches, the Cogans, the Itkins and others. According to the stories I have heard, the execution was carried out by Germans. Anatoly Kovalev, a son of a local priest, and a man with last name Koran were also actively involved in the execution.

Alexander Haimovich Gelfond.
Alexander Haimovich Gelfond.

P.S.: Anyone, who has any information about Slaveni and the people, who lived here during the war, about the days of Nazi occupation, please share your stories with us.

Jewish settlements in Vitebsk region

Vitebsk Albrehtovo Babinovichi Baran Bayevo Begoml Beshenkovichi Bocheikovo Bogushevsk Borkovichi Braslav Bychiha Chashniki Disna Dobromysli Dokshitsy Druya Dubrovno Glubokoye Gorodok Kamen Kohanovo Kolyshki Kopys Krasnopolie Kublichi Lepel Liady Liozno Lukoml Luzhki Lyntupy Miory Obol Oboltsy Orsha Osintorf Ostrovno Parafianovo Plissa Polotsk Prozorki Senno Sharkovshina Shumilino Sirotino Slaveni Smolyany Surazh Tolochin Ulla Verhnedvinsk Vidzy Volyntsy Yanovichi Yezerishe Zhary Ziabki

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